History of Taksim
Originally Taksim Square was built in 1732 under the direction of Sultan Mahmut I. It was a water distribution center which was ordered for collect the water coming from the Belgrade Forest. Therefore the Square took its name from the big stone reservoir located on the square. Taksim means distribution in English and the stone reservoir can still be seen at the beginning of Istiklal Caddesi.
Taksim is a main transportation hub and a popular destination for both tourists and the native population of Istanbul. “Istiklal Street”, a long pedestrian shopping street, ends at this square, and a nostalgic tram runs from the square along the avenue, ending near the Tünel (1875) which is the world’s second-oldest subway line after London’s Underground (1863).
Surrounding Taksim Square are numerous travel agencies, hotels, restaurants, pubs, and international fast food chains such as Pizza Hut, McDonald’s, Subway, and Burger King.